In key stage 1, the fractions café can be used to introduce the concept of equal parts and for practice recognising, identifying and writing fractions. In KS2 more advanced fraction problems can be written on to paper plates or cups for children to solve using food or liquids.
Plastic knives, paper bowls, paper cups, rulers, paper pictures of food items, real food (breakfast cereals,iced buns,chocolate buttons), paper and colouring pens.
Some common misconceptions for fractions include:
- belief that fractions are always parts of 1
- never bigger than 1
- fractions are parts of shapes
- not numbers in their own right
- that a fraction with a larger denominator is larger e.g 1/6 is larger than 1/5.
Year 1 Curriculum – Fractions
- Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.
- Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.
Maths Games for Year 1
Use a range of different types of food (both real, play and paper) to allow children to cut, separate, fold and pull apart into halves and quarters.
Give children the chance to practice recognising fractions of discrete and continuous quantities by including breakfast cereals and liquids.
Add scales, measuring spoons and measuring jugs with paper cups to allow weighing and measuring.
Use plates or bowls to share food equally between 2 or 4 children.
Year 2 Curriculum – Fractions
- Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4 , 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
- Write simple fractions for example, 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2
Maths Games for Year 2
Paper plates can be used for collecting quantities of food and writing down the fractions.
Simple problems can be written on the plates for children to collect relevant fractions of food before working out the answers in their work books.
Year 3 Curriculum – Fractions
- Count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
- Recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
Maths Games for Year 3
More advanced problems can be written on paper plates for children to calculate including those incorporating fractions of the cost of an item.
Children can make their own menus or price lists for the fractions with pictures listing the costs of different items and fractions of items.
Additional Fractions Ideas
- Children can write (and possibly create) their own smoothie recipes using a variety of fruits, juices and yoghurt.
- Children can make their own pizzas (either real or using coloured paper) to cut and divide. The recipe could also include fractions e.g. cut mushrooms into quarters.
- Children can create their own role play or games using the cafe.
- Ask children to identify different situations when fraction might be used e.g. telling the time, measuring, sharing or dividing food, in recipes.
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